Redistricting Knox County

Redistricting is the process of updating political boundaries to ensure areas of equal representation. This is necessary when local population grows and shifts. The process will decide the boundaries of Knox County Commission and School Board districts.

Next Meeting

October 21, 2021 at 5:00 pm

Where: Small Assembly Room, City County Building, 400 West Main Street West, Knoxville, TN 37902, United States

About

Why

Goals

Committee

Timeline

Why do we redistrict?

Representative governments depend upon equal districts to give everyone the same voting power.

State law requires all county legislative bodies to evaluate their districts at least once every 10 years (TCA §5-1-111). This ensures each district within the county has approximately equal populations.

Redistricting Goals

One Person, One Vote

The concept of equal representation in voting. Each district’s commissioner represents an equal number of people when they vote on local matters.

Ideal Population

The target population for each district, found by dividing the total population for the county by the number of commission districts.

Deviation

The difference between a district’s ideal population and its actual population.

Overall Deviation

The range between the highest positive deviation and the lowest negative deviation – the goal in redistricting is to have an overall deviation less than 10%.

Population Preservation

If a racial/ethnic minority population comprises more than 50% of an existing district, any changes to that district must also have more than 50% minority population to preserve the ability to elect minority-preferred candidates.

Compactness

The measure of how regular or irregular a shape is – districts are required to be reasonably compact to prevent gerrymandering.

Knox County Redistricting Committee

  • Chair Kyle Ward County Commission: District 4
  • Vice Chair Randy Smith County Commission: District 3
  • Richie Beeler County Commission: District 8
  • Justin Biggs County Commission: At Large
  • Charles Busler County Commission: District 7
  • Carson Dailey County Commission: District 9
  • Chris Davis Knox County Election Commission: Administrator of Elections
  • Courtney Durrett County Commission: District 2
  • Terry Hill County Commission: District 6
  • Kristi Kristy Chair of School Board: District 9
  • Larsen Jay County Commission: At Large
  • Dasha Lundy County Commission: District 1
  • John Schoonmaker County Commission: District 5

Project Timeline

  • March, 2021
  • May
  • June
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December
  • January, 2022

Meeting Schedule

Current Conditions

Districts ?
9
Knox County Commission and School Board districts were aligned in 2011.
Total Population
477,857
Ideal Population per District ?
53,095
The target population for each district, found by dividing the total population for the county by the number of commission districts.
Overall Deviation ?
22.6%
The range between the highest positive deviation and the lowest negative deviation – the goal in redistricting is to have an overall deviation less than 10%.
Map

Proposed Solutions

Listed below are solutions to be considered at each committee meeting.

1

2

3

3a

3b

4

5

Proposed Solution 1
Considered September 23, 2021
Status
WITHDRAWN
Population Moved
20,664
Compactness ?Least
60.01%
Most
83.49%
Compactness is used to assess whether a geographic area has been gerrymandered. Districts should be as compact as possible unless a more compact district would cause vote-dilution in a majority-minority district.
Overall Deviation ?
7.9%
The range between the highest positive deviation and the lowest negative deviation – the goal in redistricting is to have an overall deviation less than 10%.
Map
Printable Map (PDF)
  • Solution proposed by Commissioner Terry Hill

Proposed Solution 2
Considered September 23, 2021
Status
WITHDRAWN
Population Moved
33,438
Compactness ?Least
61.23%
Most
80.27%
Compactness is used to assess whether a geographic area has been gerrymandered. Districts should be as compact as possible unless a more compact district would cause vote-dilution in a majority-minority district.
Overall Deviation ?
9.2%
The range between the highest positive deviation and the lowest negative deviation – the goal in redistricting is to have an overall deviation less than 10%.
Map
Printable Map (PDF)
  • Solution proposed by Commissioner Larsen Jay

Proposed Solution 3
Considered September 23, 2021
Status
WITHDRAWN
Population Moved
35,252
Compactness ?Least
59.82%
Most
79.17%
Compactness is used to assess whether a geographic area has been gerrymandered. Districts should be as compact as possible unless a more compact district would cause vote-dilution in a majority-minority district.
Overall Deviation ?
8.7%
The range between the highest positive deviation and the lowest negative deviation – the goal in redistricting is to have an overall deviation less than 10%.
Map
Printable Map (PDF)
  • Solution proposed by Commissioner John Schoonmaker

Proposed Solution 3a
Considered October 6, 2021
Status
WITHDRAWN
Population Moved
37,618
Compactness ?Least
59.49%
Most
79.16%
Compactness is used to assess whether a geographic area has been gerrymandered. Districts should be as compact as possible unless a more compact district would cause vote-dilution in a majority-minority district.
Overall Deviation ?
7.3%
The range between the highest positive deviation and the lowest negative deviation – the goal in redistricting is to have an overall deviation less than 10%.
Map
Printable Map (PDF)
  • Solution proposed by Redistricting Committee at Sept. 23 meeting

Proposed Solution 3b
Considered October 6, 2021
Status
ACTIVE
Population Moved
42,588
Compactness ?Least
64.38%
Most
79.17%
Compactness is used to assess whether a geographic area has been gerrymandered. Districts should be as compact as possible unless a more compact district would cause vote-dilution in a majority-minority district.
Overall Deviation ?
6.8%
The range between the highest positive deviation and the lowest negative deviation – the goal in redistricting is to have an overall deviation less than 10%.
Map
Printable Map (PDF)
  • Solution proposed by Commissioner Kyle Ward

Proposed Solution 4
Considered September 23, 2021
Status
ACTIVE
Population Moved
32,681
Compactness ?Least
60.01%
Most
83.49%
Compactness is used to assess whether a geographic area has been gerrymandered. Districts should be as compact as possible unless a more compact district would cause vote-dilution in a majority-minority district.
Overall Deviation ?
6.6%
The range between the highest positive deviation and the lowest negative deviation – the goal in redistricting is to have an overall deviation less than 10%.
Map
Printable Map (PDF)
  • Solution proposed by School Board Member Kristi Kristy

Proposed Solution 5
Considered October 6, 2021
Status
ACTIVE
Population Moved
30,358
Compactness ?Least
61.07%
Most
79.16%
Compactness is used to assess whether a geographic area has been gerrymandered. Districts should be as compact as possible unless a more compact district would cause vote-dilution in a majority-minority district.
Overall Deviation ?
8.2%
The range between the highest positive deviation and the lowest negative deviation – the goal in redistricting is to have an overall deviation less than 10%.
Map
Printable Map (PDF)
  • Solution proposed by Commissioners Courtney Durrett and Dasha Lundy